This CE activity was originally published in The Rx Consultant. If you received credit for it previously, you cannot receive credit for it again
Heart failure (HF) is a common condition that causes significant disability and death in the US and around the world. About 6.5 million adults in the US have HF – and despite advances in drug and device therapies, HF was a contributing cause of 1 in 8 deaths in 2017.The estimated total cost of HF (including health care, medication and missed work) in 2012 was almost $31 billion.The prevalence of HF continues to rise, and is expected to exceed 8 million people by 2030. By this time, the medical costs of HF management are projected to reach $53 billion annually.
This issue describes the physiology underlying different types of HF and reviews all aspects of the medications that are currently available and recommended for its management. Various factors and medications that can worsen HF are also discussed.
Pharmacists, Nurse Practitioners, Clinical Nurse Specialists, and Registered Nurses
This CE activity was developed by The Rx Consultant, a publication of Continuing Education Network, Inc.
CE activities for Pharmacists and Pharmacy Technicians:
This continuing education (CE) activity meets the requirements of all state boards of pharmacy for approved continuing education hours. CE credit is automatically reported to CPE Monitor.
CE activities for Nurse Practitioners and Clinical Nurse Specialists:
This continuing education activity meets the requirements of:
The American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC) for formally approved continuing education (CE) hours, and CE hours of pharmacotherapeutics.
The American Academy of Nurse Practitioners Certification Program (AANPCP) for acceptable, accredited CE.
This is a pharmacotherapeutics/pharmacology CE activity.
The ANCC requires all advanced practice nursing certificants (CNSs and NPs) to complete 25 CE hours of pharmacotherapeutics as a portion of the required 75 continuing education hours.
Pharmacology CE is recommended by the AANPCP and will be required for Certificants renewing certification starting January 2017.
Most State Boards of Nursing require a minimum number of pharmacy contact hours to renew an advanced practice license.
Continuing Education Network, Inc. is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education as a provider of continuing pharmacy education.
Requirements for CE Credit
To receive CE credit, the participant must read the monograph in its entirety, complete the online post-test and receive a score of 70% or greater, and complete the online evaluation.
Pharmacists and Pharmacy Technicians -
Be sure your profile has been updated with your NAPB e-profile # and birth date informationBEFORE completing the online evaluation, or your credits cannot be reported to CPE Monitor.
Continuing pharmacy education credit is automatically reported to CPE Monitor once the post-test & evaluation are successfully completed.
Describe the health conditions that can lead to heart failure and the types of heart failure according to ejection fraction,ACCF/AHA stage, and NYHA functional class. Understand the relationship between heart failure and the renin angiotensin aldosterone system (RAAS) and the sympathetic nervous system (SNS).
Regarding the major classes of heart failure medications, describe their role in therapy, adverse effects, and monitoring recommendations. List 4 medications that should be avoided in patients with heart failure.
Counsel patients about heart failure, including signs and symptoms and recommended lifestyle changes.
Douglas Jennings, PharmD, FACC, FAHA, FCCP, FHFSA,BCPS
Brief Bio : Douglas Jennings, PharmD, FACC, FAHA, FCCP, FHFSA,BCPS is an Associate Professor of Pharmacy Practice at the Arnold & Marie Schwartz College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences at Long Island University, and the clinical pharmacist for the heart transplant and ventricular assist device teams at NewYork-Presbyterian Columbia University Medical Center.
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The author(s) of this continuing education activity have made reasonable efforts to ensure that all information contained herein is accurate in accordance with the latest available scientific evidence at the time of publication. However, because information regarding medications, treatment guidelines, and other healthcare information is subject to constant change, the participant is advised to always confirm practice resources before applying any learned information in practice.Activities produced by UT Continuing Pharmacy Education are intended solely for purposes of supplementing health care professionals’ knowledge. The opinions expressed in this educational activity are those of the faculty and do not necessarily represent the views of The University of Texas at Austin College of Pharmacy.